In states where laws against affirmative action is been passed, new research still finds increased use of cigarette among 11th– and 12th graders of the said state.
“Coinciding with the year’s affirmative action bans was debated, passed, and implemented,” researchers still find increase in self-reported cigarette smoking among underrepresented minority of 11th- and 12th-graders,
What is the faith for a deferred dream? New research proffers a surprising answer to Langston Hughes’ classic query: The disappointed dreamers find solace in cigarettes.
A new research discovers that Minorities of 11th- and 12-graders are more likely to engage in smoking if the state they lived in had executed a ban on affirmative action programs that could help them get into college.
A research team led by Atheendar Venkataramani of the University of Pennsylvania, during its findings suggested that “those social policies that shift socioeconomic opportunities could have meaningful population health consequences,”
Data used from a nationally representative survey of 35,000 ninth-to 12th-graders conducted biannually by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, a study carried out by an online journal PLoS Medicine, starts that participant identify themselves by race and ethnicity, and report whether they engage in a variety of risky/dangerous behaviors, including smoking.
When deciding on which applicants to admit, the researchers focused on the nine states that passed laws between 1991 and 2015 forbidding colleges and universities from using race as a factor, the health habits of black, Hispanic, and Native American students living in those states with those of their counterparts in the rest of the United States were compared.
Specifically, the team reports that “cigarette smoking in the past 30 days among underrepresented minority 11th–12th graders increased by 3.8 percentage points” in states where such laws were in effect and during the calendar year in which the students turned 16.
In states where affirmative action bans were implemented and effective during the calendar year in which these students turned 16, the team specifically reports that “cigarette smoking in the past 30 days among underrepresented minority 11th–12th graders increased by 3.8 percentage points”
Further study featuring more than 70,000 black, Hispanic and Native American young adults (ages 19 to 30), it was discovered that those who were 16 years of age at that time “affirmative action ban” was in law were more likely to report current smoking.” It can be said that the undesirable habit they picked up in high school developed with them into adulthood.
It is somewhat impossible to know exactly what prompted more minority students to start smoking. But it will be fair enough to think that the affirmative action bans left many feeling less hopeful about their long-term expectations and/or convinced they weren’t appreciated by society.
Past research discovers that teens living in states where the cost of community college is relatively low were less likely to engage in diverse unhealthy habit, including smoking. Pleas to avoid unhealthy habits don’t resonate because; it seems that you feel you don’t have much of a future.
As argued by researchers that in as much as legislators continue to debate issues like affirmative action, they need to consider that their decision have grave consequences/implication for public health, it is however ironic that as one part of the government is working to discourage kids from taking up smoking, another is creating laws/circumstances that make the habit more achievable.